STUDY OF PRODUCTION AND VIABILITY COCOON OF Pontoscolex corethrurus FR.MULL AT VARIOUS CONCENTRATIONS OF CARBARYL INSECTICIDES

Erwin Nofyan, Mustafa Kamal, Syafrina Lamin, Nafira Putri Rahmasari

Abstract


Research on the Study of Cocoon Production and Viability of Pontoscolex corethrurus Fr. Mull at various concentrations of Karbaril insecticide was carried out in July to October 2019, at the Laboratory of Animal Physiology, Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Sriwijaya University, Inderalaya, Ogan Ilir, South Sumatra. This study aims to study the production of cocoon and viabiltas earthworm Pontoscolex corethrurus Fr. Mull at various concentrations of carbaryl insecticide as well as getting concentrations of carbaryl insecticide began to react to the amount of cocoon and viability of the earthworm Pontoscolex corethrurus Fr.Mull. Contribution of research on the availability of data on the production of cocoon and viabiltas cocoon of earthworm Pontoscolex corethrurus Fr.Mull after being given various concentrations of carboxyl insecticide and providing information especially to farmers about the effect of various concentrations of carbaryl insecticide on non-target animals, especially soil animals namely Pontoscolex corethrurus Frethrurus earthworm . Mull. This study uses a completely randomized design with 6 (six) treatments and 5 (five) repetitions. The treatment given in the form of carboxyl insecticide with a concentration of 0% (control); 0.1%; 0.2%; 0.3%; 0.4%; 0.5%. Data were analyzed by Analysis of Variance, if there were significant differences followed by Duncan's Test at a 95% confidence level. The results showed that the treatment of various concentrations of carboxyl insecticide significantly affected the average number of cocoon and viability of the earthworm cocoon Pontoscolex corethrurus Fr. Mull. Average number of earthworm cocoons Pontoscolex corethrurus Fr. The lowest Mull was found in the administration of carboxyl insecticide at a concentration of 0.5%, 0.62 ± 0.06 cocoon / individual / week and the average number of earthworm cocoons Pontoscolex corethrurus Fr. The highest Mull was found in the administration of carboxyl insecticide at a concentration of 0% (control), namely 3.62 ± 0.02 cocoon / individual / week. The average viabiltas cocoon of earthworms Pontoscolex corethrurus Fr. The lowest Mull was found in the administration of carboxyl insecticide at a concentration of 0.5%, namely 18.85 ± 1.19% and the average viability of the earthworm cocoon Pontoscolex corethrurus Fr. The highest Mull was found in the administration of carboxyl insecticide at a concentration of 0%, namely 98.65 ± 2.15%


Keywords


karbaril; produksi kokon; viabilitas kokon; Phontoscolex corethrurus Fr. Mull

Full Text:

PDF

References


Dindal, Daniel L. 2015 . Soil Biology Guide. New York : State University of New York.

Rombke, J., M.V.Garvia, A. Scheffezy. 2016. Effect of The Fungicide Benomyl on Earthworms in Laboratory Tests Under Tropical and Temperate Conditions. Arch. Environ Contam Toxicol.76 : 590-598.

Brown, G.G., Barois, I., Lavelle, P. 2014. Regulation of Soil Organic Matter Dynamics And Microbial Activity in The Drilosphere And The Role Of Interactions With other Edaphic Functional Domains. Eur. J.Soil Biol. 36 : 177-198.

Kinasih, I., Astuti Kusumorini, Asep Komarudin. 2014. Pengaruh Tiga Jenis Insektisida Karbamat Terhadap Produksi Kokon Cacing Eisenia fetida. Jurnal Biologi. 8 (1): 102-116.

Edwards,C.A. and L:ofty,J.R. 2013. Biology of Worm. Chapman and Hill, London.

Gorny, M and Grum, L. 2015. Methods in soil zoology, Polish scientific Publisher, Warszawa. 207-209

Wallwork, J.A. 2013. Earthworm Biology. Edwards Arnold (Publishers). London.

Nofyan, E. 2010. Pengaruh Insektisida Pirethroid Sintetik Terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Produksi Kokon Cacing Tanah Pontoscoles corethrurus Fr. Mull. Sainmatika. 7 (2): 40-45.

Nofyan,E. 2017.Inhibitory Effect of Carbofuran Furadan 3G on the Cocoon Production and Viability in Pheretima javanica Gates. IOSR Journal of Enviromental Science, Toxicology and Food Technology Vol.11 :59-62.

Nofyan,E. ; Setiawan, D. dan Tia, A.S. 2011 Pengaruh Insektisida Profenofos Terhadap Produksi Kokon dan Viabilitas Kokon Cacing Tanah Pontoscolex corethrurus Fr. Mull. Jurnal Penelitian Sains. Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Sriwijaya.

Marlinda, T , Nurhadi,dan Widiana,R. 2015. Pegaruh Insektisida Profenofos terhadap Fekunditas dan daya tetas kokon cacing tanah Lumbricus rubellus. Laporan penelitian program studi pendidikan biologi STKIP PGRI Sumatera Selatan

Nofyan,E. 2017.Physiological Effects of Carbofuran on Earthworm Pheretima javanica Gates. Advances in Life Sciences Vol.7(2):21-25.

Nofyan,E. 2011 .Pengaruh Insektisida Karbaril terhadap Morfologi Cacing tanah Pontoscolex corethrurus Fr.Mull. Jurnal Penelitian Sains Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Sriwijaya.

Philipson,J and Bolton,P.J. 2016. Growth and Cocoon Production by Pontoscolex corethrurus Fr.Mull. Pedobiologia.70-82.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24233/BIOV.5.2.2019.150

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


E-ISSN: 2477-1392

Lisensi Creative Commons

BIOVALENTIA: Biological Research Journal © 2015-2019 Biology Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Sriwijaya University is licensed under a License Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International