RECENT OBSERVATION OF FALSE GHARIAL (Tomistoma schlegelii) IN THE SEMBILANG NATONAL PARK (TNS) AREA, BANYUASIN REGENCY, SOUTH SUMATERA PROVINCE

Arum Setiawan, Adios Safri, Bayu Prima, Reza Kadarisman, Winda Indrianti, Redi Oktaberi

Abstract


A research about False Gharial (Tomistoma schlegelii) which is a protected animal based on National Government Regulation Number 7 of 1999 and renewal of Permen LHK No. P92/MENLHK/SETJEN/KUM.1/8/2018 has been conducted on 15 until 19 September 2017 located in the region of SPTN 3 Hulu Benu River Muara Merang Village 3 Pancuran Village, and on 27 February until 04 March 2018 located in the region of SPTN 3 area Hulu Benu River Tanah Pilih Village, Berbak Sembilang National Park (TNBS), South Sumatra. This reaserch aims to monitoring the conditions of habitat and its populations for the purpose of conservation and management of TNBS areas to be more optimal. The methods used is direct monitoring during the day and night, indirect monitoring through information and interviews with citizens, as well as secondary data collection. The results obtained, were that there was an encounter and information about the existence of False Gharials measuring ± 1 to 5 meters in the upper reaches of the Benu River in the Merang River, Rasau River, Bagan 2, Bagan 6 through Bagan 9. This resulted in the determination of the Benu River TNBS as an important habitat False Gharials that needs to be managed appropriately as conservation areas


Keywords


Sembilang Berbak National Park (TNBS); False Gharial; South Sumatra; Benu River; Conservation

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bezuijen, M.R., Hasudungan, F., Kadarisman, R., Wardoyo, S., Webb, G.J.W., Samedi and Manolis, S.C. (2002). False Gharial (Tomistoma schlegelii) Surveys In Southeast Sumatra, Indonesia (1995-2002). Unpublished Report, Wildlife Management International Pty. Limited, Darwin, pp ix: 1-30.

Bezuijen, M.R., Suryansyah, B., Huda, I., Pratji-hno, P., Adriyono, S., Potess, L.F., & Sommer-lad, R. 2005. False Gharial (Tomistoma schlege-lii) Surveys in West Kalimantan, Indonesia. Technical report: TTF / PRCF Co-operative Tomistoma Project, pp v:1-42.

Bezuijen, M.R., Shwedick, B.M., Sommerlad, R., Stevenson, C. & Steubing, R.B. 2010. Tomisto-ma Tomistoma schlegelii. Pp, 133-138 in Croco-diles. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. Third Edition, ed. by S.C. Manolis and C. Stevenson. Crocodile Specialist Group: Darwin.

Bezuijen, M.R., Shwedick, B., Simpson, B.K., Staniewicz, A. & Stuebing, R. 2014. Tomistoma schlegelii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2014: e.T21981A2780499.http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2014-1.RLTS.T21981A2780499.en.

Fukuda, Y., Saalfeld, K., Webb, G., Manolis, C., & Risk, R. 2013. Standardised method of spotlight surveys for crocodiles in the tidal rivers of the Northern Territory,Australia. Northern Territory Naturalist (2013). 24: 14–32.

Indarto, P.W., Muharromi, A.F., Prihantonot, S., Qurniawan, T.F., Nugraha, A.P., & Epirilu-rahman, R. 2010. Perilaku Harian Buaya Muara (Crocodylas porosus, Schneider 1801) di Pusat Penyelamatan Satwa Jogja. Biota: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Hayati. 15(2): 188-194.

Peraturan Pemerintah Republik Indonesia Nomor 7 tahun 1999 Tentang Pengawetan Jenis Tumbuhan dan Satwa.

Peraturan Menteri Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan Republik Indonesia. Nomor P92/MENLHK/ SETJEN/KUM.1/8/2018 Tentang Perubahan Atas Peraturan Menteri Lingkungan Hidup Dan Kehutanan Nomor P20/MENLHK/ SETJEN/ KUM.1/6/2018 Tentang Jenis Tumbuhan Dan Satwa Yang Dilindungi.

TFCASumatera. 2019. http://tfcasumatera.org/tn-berbak-sembilang/. Access at 2019, may 22.

Wardoyo, A., & Iqbal, M. 2003. Jenis-Jenis Ikan di Perairan Estuaria Taman Nasional Sembi-lang. Jurnal Ilmu-ilmu Perikanan dan Budidaya Perairan. 1(1): 29-38.

Webb, G.J.W., Manolis, S.C., Whitehead, P.J. & Letts, G. 1984. A Proposal for the Transfer of the Australian Population of Crocodylus porosus Schneider (1801), from Appendix I to Appendix II of C.I.T.E.S. Conservation Commission of the Northern Territory, Darwin. https://cites.org/ sites/default/files/eng/cop/17/prop/060216/E-CoP 17-Prop-24.pdf.

Wibowo, P. 2002. Pemantauan Hutan Rawa Gambut di Kawasan Berbak-Sembilang: Climate Change, Forests and Peatlands in Indonesia, 2002, pp 281–290.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24233/BIOV.5.1.2019.133

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


E-ISSN: 2477-1392

Lisensi Creative Commons

BIOVALENTIA: Biological Research Journal © 2015-2019 Biology Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Sriwijaya University is licensed under a License Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International