Settings of Temperature and Time Saving on Seed Germination of Magnolia champaca (L.) Baill. ex Pierre

Odetta Maudy Nuradinda, Sri Pertiwi Estuningsih, Harmida Harmida

Abstract


Setting storage space temperature and time saving becomes an important application in supporting the development of plantations to provide seeds as needed and sustainable. The purpose of this research is to delay the rapid of seed germination in Magnolia champaca by assessing the effect of various suspend temperatures and times saving on seed germination of Magnolia camphaca . The research was conducted in Plant Physiology Laboratory, Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Sriwijaya University in February until June 2016. The method was used completely randomized design pattern Factorial by 3 factors with 12 treatments and 3 replications with the temperature: temperature ± 31°C, temperature ± 25 °C, temperature ± 18 °C, temperature ± 4 °C and the retention of time 0 week, 2 weeks , 4 weeks and 6 weeks. The parameters include the observation of germination rate, germination, vigor index and sprout morphology. The results of the research the treatment of interaction of temperature and time saving significantly affected on germination rate, germination and seed vigor index of Magnolia champaca. Germination speed, germination and vigor index were both produced by the treatment of storage at a temperature of ± 18 °C and a temperature of ± 25 °C at all times to keep (2 weeks, 4 weeks, 6 weeks) compared to control treatment. A normal sprout produced in temperature treatment ± 18 °C and ± 25 °C temperature ranges between 90-93%. An abnormal sprout produced in control treatment (0 week) by 25%. Measurement of moisture content and physiological maturity level of Magnolia champaca seed needs to be done before it is stored and germinated to test the viability of seeds of sprouts.

Key word : Temperature, Time Saving, Germination, Magnolia champaca (L.) Baill. ex Pierre


References


Ali, A. 2011. Pengaruh Penyimpanan Biji pada Suhu Ruang Dingin dan Beku terhadap Viabilitas Biji Belimbing (Averrhoa carambola L.) Kultuvar “Dewa Baru” Asal Kecamatan Cimanggis, Depok. Skripsi FMIPA. Universitas Indonesia. 55 hlm.

Andhi, TC, Aziz, P, Prapto, Y. 2011. Studi Aspek Fisiologis dan Biokimia Perkecambahan Benih Jagung (Zea mays L.) pada Umur Penyimpanan Benih yang Berbeda. Jurnal Pertanian. Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Gadja Mada. Yogyakarta. 1-11.

Asmoro, HP. 2016. Kajian Penyimpanan Kentang (Solanum tuberosum L.) pada Suhu Rendah dan Tingkat Kelembapan Relatif yang Berbeda. Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor. 1–7.

Bramasto, Y, Evayusvita, R, Endang, P, Nurin W, Muhammad, Z. 2013. Variasi Morfologi Buah, Benih dan Daun Bambang Lanang (Michelia champaca) dari Berbagai Lokasi Tempat Tumbuh. Prosiding Seminar Hasil-hasil Penelitian. Balai Penelitian Teknologi Pembenihan Tanaman Hutan.

Halimursyadah. 2012. Pengaruh Kondisi Simpan terhadap Viabilitas dan Vigor Benih Avicennia marina (Forsk.) Vierh. pada Beberapa Periode Simpan. Jurnal Agrotropika. Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Syah Kuala. Banda Aceh. Vol. 17 No. 2. 43-51.

Handayani. 2003. Pengaruh Media Simpan, Ruang Simpan dan Lama Penyimpanan terhadap Viabilitas Propagul Bruguiera gymnorrhiza. Skripsi Fakultas Kehutanan. Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor.

Herdiana, N. 2009. Kajian Teknologi Perbenihan Jenis Lokal Sumatera Selatan. Prosiding Seminar Hasil-hasil Penelitian Balai Penelitian Kehutanan, Palembang, 11 November 2008. Balai Penelitian Kehutanan Palembang.

Kristianti, S. 2012. Kajian Suhu dan Kadar Air Terhadap Kualitas Benih Kedelai (Glycine max (L.) Merril) Selama Penyimpanan. Makalah Seminar Umum. Universitas Gadja Mada. Yogyakarta. 1-14.

Lukman, AH. 2012. Status Budidaya Bambang Lanang dalam Pengusahaan Kayu Rakyat Di Sumatera Selatan. Prosiding Seminar Hasil-hasil Penelitian Balai Penelitian Kehutanan, Palembang, 23 Oktober 2012. Balai Penelitian Kehutanan Palembang.

Meilani. 2003. Uji Penyimpanan dan Daya Kecambah Garcinia spp. (Clusiaceae) : Pengaruh Suhu, Media dan Waktu Penyimpanan dalam Upaya Konservasi. Jurnal. Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor. 1–35.

Nurlia, A. 2011. Analisis Sosial dan Kebijakan Pembangunan Hutan Tanaman Jenis Bambang Lanang. Prosiding Seminar Hasil-hasil Penelitian Balai Penelitian Kehutanan, Musi Rawas, 13 Juli 2011. Balai Penelitian Kehutanan Palembang.

Nurhasybi, Edy, TK, Evalin, S. 2010. Manual Monitoring Musim Berbunga-Berbuah dan Produksi Benih Ramin (Gonystylus bancanus). Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Hutan dan Konservasi Alam. Bogor. 28 hlm.

Purwanti, S. 2004. Kajian Suhu Ruang Simpan Terhadap Kualitas Benih Kedelai Hitam dan Kedelai Kuning. Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian. Universitas Gadja Mada. Yogyakarta. Vol. 11 No. 1: 23-31.

Qulsum, U. 2011. Pengaruh Suhu dan Lama Penyimpanan terhadap Viabilitas Benih Kacang Hijau (Phaseolus radiatus L.). Skripsi Fakultas Sains dan Teknologi. UIN Maulana Malik Ibrahim. Malang.

Rahman, A, Anne, N, Nursuhud. 2014. Pengaruh Kadar Air Awal Benih dan Suhu Ruang Simpan terhadap Viabilitas, Vigor, dan Pertumbuhan Benih Sirsak (Annona muricata). Jurnal Agroekoteknologi. Universitas Padjajaran. Bandung. Vol. 1 No. 4: 1-11.

Rahmi, S. 2016. Pendugaan Umur Simpan Benih Kedelai Menggunakan Metode Accelerated Shelf-life Testing (ASLT). Jurnal Keteknikan Pertanian. Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor. Vol. 4 No.1 p: 75-80.

Siahaan, H, Nanang, H, Nasrun, Jon,i M, Rahman, TS. 2013. Teknik Silvikultur Bambang Lanang. Prosiding Seminar Hasil-hasil Penelitian Balai Penelitian Kehutanan, Palembang, 2 Oktober 2013. Balai Penelitian Kehutanan Palembang.

[SNI] Standar Nasional Indonesia. Penanganan Benih. 2014. Penanganan Benih Generatif Tanaman Hutan. PT 65-01 Pengelolaan Hutan: Jakarta. 1-56.

Sunyoto, Liza, O. 2013. Kajian Pengaruh Suhu Simpan dan Metode Pematahan Dormansi Terhadap Viabilitas Benih Pepaya Merah Delima. 2013. Balai Penelitian Tanaman Buah Tropika: Sumatera Barat. 1-10.

Nurlia, A. 2015. Persiapan Media Tabur dan Penanaman Benih Bambang Lanang. wawancara personal. Balai Pembenihan Tanaman Hutan Palembang. Palembang.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24233/BIOV.4.1.2018.86

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


E-ISSN: 2477-1392

Lisensi Creative Commons

BIOVALENTIA: Biological Research Journal © 2015-2017 Biology Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Sriwijaya University is licensed under a License Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International